When they got to Jerusalem, they conferred amongst each other and decided to cast lots to see who would go get the plates from Laban - the only time lots are used in the Book of Mormon. The lot fell upon Laman, the eldest and the heir of the family, who went to ask Laban for the record. It didn't work. The one chosen by lot failed to accomplish the assignment.
Next, Nephi convinced them all to take all their gold and silver and precious things and offer them all to Laban in exchange for the plates. This group attempt at the project also failed.
Then, Nephi went alone, led by the Spirit, and fulfilled the Lord's commandment and obtained the plates.
From this, we see that just because the lot falls upon someone, and they attempt the task, it doesn't mean they will, or even can, succeed.
We also see that even if a group is charged to accomplish a task by the Lord, it is not necessary for all of the group to have an equal opportunity to participate in order to accomplish the task. One alone of the group, being led by the Spirit, is enough.
Therefore, equality of opportunity for all members of the group to participate in accomplishing the task is not sufficient, nor is it necessary.
Another principle has been held up - the claim that "the voice of the people," otherwise known as "majority rules," should be followed in the matter of the G&S. Mosiah 29 is cited to this effect:
26 Now it is not common that the voice of the people desireth anything contrary to that which is right; but it is common for the lesser part of the people to desire that which is not right; therefore this shall ye observe and make it your law—to do your business by the voice of the people.
27 And if the time comes that the voice of the people doth choose iniquity, then is the time that the judgments of God will come upon you; yea, then is the time he will visit you with great destruction even as he has hitherto visited this land.
There are two problems with this viewpoint.
- The Lord has required that we adopt the G&S by mutual agreement, and not by majority rules.
- The Lord, in the A&C, has made it perfectly clear, in plain language, that the majority of this people at this time does, in fact, choose iniquity.
2 For as their laws and their governments were established by the voice of the people, and they who chose evil were more numerous than they who chose good, therefore they were ripening for destruction, for the laws had become corrupted.
3 Yea, and this was not all; they were a stiffnecked people, insomuch that they could not be governed by the law nor justice, save it were to their destruction.
Finally, coincidences, synchronicities, or statistical unlikelihoods, also called signs and wonders, do not suffice to establish the hand of God. As Paul wrote:
RE 2 Thessalonians 1:3
For the mystery of iniquity doth already work, and he it is who now worketh, and Christ suffereth him to work, until the time in fulfilled that he shall be taken out of the way. And then shall that wicked one be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming. Yea, the Lord, even Jesus, whose coming is not until after there cometh a falling away, by the working of Satan with all power, and signs and lying wonders, and with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie; that they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.